Engineers + Architects

14 Wall Street
New York, NY 10005
(212) 505 1133

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    SuperScript is a quarterly newsletter from SUPERSTRUCTURES. Founded in 1981, we are a firm of architects, structural engineers, and conservators dedicated to the art and science of exterior restoration.


      #1 in New York City:

      SUPERSTRUCTURES consistently ranks first among professional firms in the New York region for dollar volume of exterior restoration projects completed, according to annual rankings published by Engineering News-Record (ENR) New York.

      Sheer volume of projects isn’t necessarily a measure of proficiency – but in our case, it is. Exemplary performance on a project attracts more assignments. More assignments mean more opportunities to learn, more feedback from the field, and even better performance on the next project.

      It’s rare to encounter something we haven’t seen before. Nonetheless, we approach each project with a fresh eye and genuine enthusiasm.


      With a staff currently totaling over 100, we have more licensed Professional Engineers and Registered Architects than any firm of comparable size in our field.

      We have assembled, in-house, virtually all of the complementary skills required for the projects we handle. Our vertically-integrated team includes architects, structural engineers, conservators, scientists, cost estimators, and information technology experts.

      These diverse professionals have years of experience working together under one roof and collaborating closely to devise innovative solutions to challenging projects.

      Our work is its own reward, but it’s always nice to be recognized.

      We’re honored to have received awards from prominent architectural, engineering, and preservation organizations. Here are a few highlights from our trophy case:

      In 1996, SUPERSTRUCTURES won its first Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award—the “Oscar” of the preservation community—for structural engineering work on Grace Episcopal Church in Brooklyn Heights. This award from the New York Landmarks Conservancy honors individuals, organizations, architects, craftspeople, and building owners for extraordinary contributions to preserving the City. To date, we’ve garnered ten Lucy Moses awards, with the most recent in 2018 for our restoration of Brooklyn’s Westinghouse High School.

      In 2011, our structural restoration of the Park Hudson Garage won an Award of Excellence from the International Concrete Repair Institute.

      In 2013, our exterior restoration of Thomas Hunter Hall received the Restoration Award from the Friends of the Upper East Side Historic Districts.

      In 2014, SUPERSTRUCTURES received a “Lifetime Achievement” award, the Sydney Strauss Award presented by the New York Society of Architects.

      Following are short profiles of selected, award-winning projects.

      2019 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - Westinghouse High School

      Completed in 1908 as P.S. 5, this downtown Brooklyn high school was designed by C.B.J. Snyder, the noted architect and Superintendent of Buildings for the New York City Board of Education who contributed many innovations in school design. A masterpiece of Snyder’s signature Collegiate Gothic style, its architectural flourishes are inspired by the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. With the construction of a 1963 addition, the school was renamed in honor of the great American engineer and inventor, George Westinghouse (1846-1914).

      SUPERSTRUCTURES' 2018 exterior restoration project addressed several major building components. Key among them was the parapet which crowns the building with a detailed ornamental outline containing small pointed arches, large gable outlines, and ornate tracery. The entire street-facing parapet was reconstructed, matching original materials in shape, color, and texture. Another highlight of the project was restoration of the arched, Guastavino-tiled ceiling in the Tillary Street loggia, which had been damaged by water infiltration from above. Work also included roof replacements and repair of exterior masonry.

      2016 GSA Design Award - Conrad B. Duberstein U.S. Bankruptcy Court

      The GSA has recognized the Conrad B. Duberstein U.S. Bankruptcy Court project in Brooklyn, NY, with a Design Excellence Award. The six-year, $61.7 million project included the replication of 16,000 terra cotta units, granite cladding restoration, and replacement of slate roofs and gutters.

      SUPERSTRUCTURES, as a member of the Construction Management team led by Lend Lease, participated as Commissioning Agent throughout the project duration. Our commissioning services encompass historic preservation, structural engineering, materials conservation, and waterproofing. This project, with its vast amount of data, was a quintessential opportunity to enhance our commissioning services through the use of our proprietary Asset Information Manager (AIM) software.

      2016 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - St. Paul’s Chapel

      St. Paul’s Chapel in lower Manhattan is part of Trinity Wall Street parish. It is among the very few 18th century buildings remaining in New York City, and is the most notable both architecturally and historically. It has been deemed one of the two finest examples of Late Georgian church architecture in the United States. Thomas McBean designed St. Paul’s as a rustic interpretation of the famous St Martin-in-the-Fields in London, England.

      The east and west porticos of the chapel, its clock tower, and steeple were the focal points of the restoration. One goal was to retain as much of the original building fabric as possible. After extensive research and discussion between SUPERSTRUCTURES, the parish, and the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, it was decided to restore the building as much as possible to its condition as of 1929. No major alterations had occurred since then and it was the earliest period for which overall conditions could be reasonably be verified for a historically cohesive restoration.

      2015 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - Conrad B. Duberstein U.S. Bankruptcy Court

      The New York Landmarks Conservancy has recognized the Conrad B. Duberstein U.S. Bankruptcy Court project in Brooklyn, NY, with the prestigious Lucy Moses Award for outstanding preservation efforts.
      The six-year, $61.7 million project included the replication of 16,000 terra cotta units, granite cladding restoration, and replacement of slate roofs and gutters.

      SUPERSTRUCTURES, as a member of the Construction Management team led by Lend Lease, participated as Commissioning Agent throughout the project duration. Our commissioning services encompass historic preservation, structural engineering, materials conservation, and waterproofing. This project, with its vast amount of data, was a quintessential opportunity to enhance our commissioning services through the use of our proprietary Asset Information Manager (AIM) software.

      2014 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - Jefferson Market Library

      Widely thought to be one of the finest Victorian Gothic buildings in the United States, the Jefferson Market Branch of the New York Public Library is one of the most beloved landmarks in Greenwich Village. The building is not only prized for its original design, but as one of the first examples of an adaptive re-use project in the United States – a veritable landmark in the history of landmarks.

      Given this context, the current exterior restoration project sought to preserve both stages of the building's development as being historically important.

      As architect, structural engineer, and conservator, SUPERSTRUCTURES provided comprehensive investigation, design, and construction administration services for the complete exterior restoration. Some structural issues were also investigated and addressed as required. The project was managed by the NYC Department of Design and Construction for the New York Public Library.

      2013 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - Clemente Soto Velez Cultural Center

      Originally constructed in 1898 to serve New York City as a public school, this 5-story Collegiate Gothic building on Manhattan's Lower East Side was designed by C.B.J Snyder, the then Superintendent of School Buildings. It currently serves as a community arts center focused on the preservation and presentation of Latino culture. The building’s façade, characterized by its steeply pitched roof line punctuated by dormers and decorative features, had suffered extensive deterioration by the time the project was initiated.

      SUPERSTRUCTURES provided comprehensive investigation, design, and construction administration services for the complete exterior restoration. The Department of NYC Cultural Affairs and NYC Department of Citywide Administrative Services funded the project, which was managed by the NYC Department of Design and Construction.

      2012 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - The Rod Rodgers and Duo Multicultural Arts Center

      The Rod Rodgers and Duo Multicultural Arts Center on East 4th Street in Manhattan was built in 1889 and is now owned by the City and managed by Fourth Arts Block, a non-profit organization. The 5-story building is located in the city's only designated Cultural District. Its unusual façade often draws the eye of passersby – particularly the circular iron fire escape leading down from a loggia on the fourth floor, screened from the outside by perforated iron mesh. Also notable are the large French windows on the second floor, and classical detailing.

      The exterior restoration, comprising repair or replacement of almost every visible element of the building and requiring expertise in a host of materials, has resulted in an impressive transformation. The project was managed by New York City’s Department of Design and Construction. SUPERSTRUCTURES provided investigation, design, and construction administration services.

      2011 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - Newtown High School

      Newtown High School is a large secondary school in the residential neighborhood of Elmhurst, in western Queens. It is one of Queen's most prominent buildings, and occupies an entire city block. Newtown High School celebrated its 115th anniversary in 2012.

      The renovation project consisted of comprehensive exterior envelope repairs. Considerable skill in documentation and construction was demonstrated with the replacement of poly-chrome terracotta ornament and reconstruction of the four secondary turrets and their copper roofs. The project was completed for the New York City School Construction Authority.

      2010 Lucy G. Moses Preservation Award - 874 Broadway

      The MacIntyre Building at Broadway and 18th Street was built in 1890-92 as an office building. The structure, now a cooperative apartment building, has been recognized by the Landmarks Preservation Commission "as one of the most distinctive and distinguished in the neighborhood," which, given the wealth of estimable buildings in the vicinity, is high praise indeed.

      The exterior restoration and preservation work at the MacIntyre, comprising a masonry façade restoration and roof replacement, offered some special challenges - the AIA's Guide to New York City memorably characterizes the building's style as "Unspeakable eclectic: a murmuration of Byzantine columns, Romanesque arches, Gothic finials and crockets - the designer used the whole arsenal of history in one shot."

      SUPERSTRUCTURES provided comprehensive investigation, design, and construction administration services for the complete exterior restoration.

      Expertise must be nurtured. SUPERSTRUCTURES is a nexus of education in the art and science of restoration.

      At our on-site conference center we regularly host seminars for the benefit of staff and clients. In the fifteen years of the program’s existence, representatives of hundreds of organizations have earned thousands of Continuing Education Units (CEUs) through our seminars.

      Our offerings include presentations from our own experts and from manufacturers’ technical representatives introducing new or improved product lines and techniques. SUPERSTRUCTURES is an AIA-registered provider of Continuing Education Units (CEUs) required for registered professionals in New York and New Jersey. Our experts have presented seminars on Non-Destructive Testing and Evaluation, New York’s Facade Inspection Safety Program (FISP), and more. Guest speakers have covered a range of topics including steel, concrete, brick, copper, cast stone, sealants, roofing, stucco systems, and terra cotta.

      Beyond our internal programs, our employees participate in outside seminars and convocations sponsored by industry organizations as attendees, or frequently, as presenters.



      Our employees actively participate in numerous professional organizations, including:

      • American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
      • American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
      • Municipal Engineers of the City of New York
      • Structural Engineers Association of NY (SEAoNY)
      • National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)
      • Construction Specifications Institute (CSI)
      • Association for Preservation Technology (APT)
      • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
      • International Code Council (ICC)
      • International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI)
      • American Concrete Institute (ACI)
      • US Green Buildings Council (USGBC).
      • National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)
      • RCI, Inc.
      • RILEM
      • Documentation and Conservation of Buildings, Sites, and Neighborhoods of the Modern Movement (DOCOMOMO)

      Millman Meets May

      SUPERSTRUCTURES was founded in 1981 by Paul Millman and David May, back when they were young enough to still be mistaken for interns when they visited a job site. Paul and David first met in 1969 at the Cooper Union, where they sat at opposite desks by virtue of both having last names starting with M. They followed separate paths after graduation: David – construction; Paul – a graduate engineering program at MIT.

      When the firm opened, they signed a lease for an office at 853 Broadway on Union Square, a space that David found on a bicycle search of (back then) marginal but affordable locations. There was enough room for two desks to face each other, plus a bit of breathing room. The firm remained in the same building for 26 years, gradually expanding its leasehold.

      From General Practice to Elegant Solutions

      The firm’s first few years was a general practice – structural engineering, architectural projects, and building code consulting. We became known for completing unusual or difficult assignments – placing a swimming pool on the roof of a townhouse, design of an unconventional foundation system for a Bronx urban renewal project, seemingly impossible DOB reconsiderations, inserting a museum in an unsuccessful pedestrian plaza beneath a high rise. After a few years, the partners looked around and decided they could have the greatest professional impact in the field of exterior and structural building restoration.

      New York City’s original facade inspection law, Local Law 10, was fresh on the books when the firm opened. At the time, most consultants would specify exterior repairs by circling a crude drawing of a parapet with a note saying “repair as required – see specs” and include a booklet of generic specifications. Unfortunately, some still operate this way. We felt that project stakeholders deserved better, that such work could benefit from an infusion of professional discipline.

      That belief was influenced by Paul and David’s education at The Cooper Union. There, they were taught that design and technology constitute a continuum and that every problem, no matter how prosaic, deserves an elegant solution. The firm has been expanding on that conviction ever since. That’s why we treat every building like a landmark and believe that clear, expressive drawings are instrumental to that elegant solution.

      Enter CAD

      Paul first became interested in CAD when he worked on some of its earliest embodiments at MIT in the mid 1970’s as part of the “Architecture Machine” group. He was motivated by his belief in CAD’s promise, and in part by his recognition that hand drafting was not his strength – as opposed to David, who drafted drawings that were works of art. We became one of the earliest adopters of CAD in the mid 1980’s. The first few times it ran, our entire office would gather around our HP 8 pen plotter to watch. A single complex plot took about an hour.

      Our CAD documents were featured at the 1987 exhibition of AIA Computer Images of Architecture at The New School. Our work was surrounded by computer renderings produced by some of the largest firms in the city, but ours were the only “working” drawings on display. Our CAD capability brought us some interesting assignments. One of them was an ornate fountain that dominated the living room in the penthouse apartment of Trump Tower. A fountain designer had sketched 32 water jets surrounded by ornate, curvilinear onyx stonework. CAD gave us the ability to translate his hand sketch into construction documents accurate to within 1/32 of an inch, constituting an absolutely waterproof enclosure. That was almost 30 years ago – we’d have heard by now if it leaked.

      My, How We’ve Grown

      In 1997, Vikrant Sampat (who joined in 1986) and John Galetta (who joined in 1990) became partners in the firm. With the formalization of their executive roles, the firm’s growth accelerated. In 1998, we introduced our “studio” system, providing structure to our expanding efforts. Each studio team acts like an independent office, providing continuity to the client, and assuring that the individual talents of each studio member are developed. With access to the centralized resources of the full firm, the system combines the best attributes of a large and small practice.

      Our studio heads—Darsh Shah, Lorie Riddle, Michael Stripunsky, Neville Kermani, John Grande, and Nimesh Shah—possess an average 22 years of experience, 15 of those years with SUPERSTRUCTURES. Each is a respected expert in our field, giving our practice an even deeper bench.

      Our digital initiative took off in 1999 when Michael Fichter, our Director of Technology, joined the firm. Under his direction, we’ve implemented some of the most sophisticated technology in the profession, including proprietary digital systems and applications and advanced photo documentation, image processing, and cost estimating.

      Going Public

      Over the years, our client base deepened and expanded. We found that our disciplined approach appealed to professional clients such as public agencies and institutions. Our first public agency client was DASNY in 1991. DASNY was followed by the Port Authority and then the SCA, DCAS, OGS, SUCF, DDC, HHC, NYCHA, DOC, and GSA.

      Today, we work for virtually every public entity that owns or manages buildings in New York City or State. We embrace our role as a civic resource, working for public agencies as well as institutions, commercial owners, coops, and condos. We frequently consult with other architectural firms who retain us for our specialized expertise. (In turn, we reassure them that we don’t do lobbies.)

      A New Super Structure

      In 2006, we moved from our Union Square office to the landmarked AT&T “Longlines” building in Tribeca. In 2020, we relocated to another landmarked building, 14 Wall Street, the former Bankers Trust Company Building (Trowbridge & Livingston, 1912). The bright, spacious office on the 25th floor has high ceilings and views of lower Manhattan in four directions. Just steps from Federal Hall and Trinity Church, we’re easily accessible via public transportation: the 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, R, W, J, Z, and A/C lines all stop within a few blocks of our building. NYC Ferry access at Pier 11 is at the foot of Wall Street and the PATH World Trade Center station is nearby.

      First, Do No Harm

      We’ve always felt that materials conservation was integral to our role as engineers and architects. The same with devising clever, minimally intrusive information-gathering strategies. We formalized these relationships in 2007 when we created a studio, under the direction of Barry Drogin, devoted to Materials Conservation and Non-Destructive Testing and Evaluation (NDTE).

      #1 in NYC

      By 2008, SUPERSTRUCTURES was engaged in more NYC exterior restoration projects (by fee volume) than any other professional firm. That streak has remained unbroken. The firm hired its first employee a year after opening and we’ve grown consistently ever since. Today, we number around 100. Fifty years after they first met, the founding partners still share an office with their desks across from each other, just a little further apart.

      Bonus fact: Paul Millman saw the name “SUPERSTRUCTURES” on the box of a kid’s toy in a K-Mart in 1981 and thought it seemed like a good name for a firm of engineers and architects that works on prominent buildings. It turned out to be true.