Engineers + Architects

14 Wall Street
New York, NY 10005
(212) 505 1133

General Information

Career Opportunities


    Please contact us if you think our professional services can be of value to you.


    Email Address*

    Phone No.

    Preferred Method of Contact


    Company Address





    Please provide proposals for Local Law 11 (FISP) Critical Examination(s) at the following addresses:

    Attach Files
    Attach multiple files if necessary, 10MB limit.

    Newsletter Signup

    SuperScript is a quarterly newsletter from SUPERSTRUCTURES. Founded in 1981, we are a firm of architects, structural engineers, and conservators dedicated to the art and science of exterior restoration.


      ‹ Back to all news

      August 4, 2022

      Summer School: Terra Cotta Details Will Live On at P.S. 173

      SUPERSTRUCTURES typically prefers to replace defective terra cotta “in kind.”  But in our current restoration of P.S. 173, a 1925 building in Washington Heights, terra cotta units are being replaced with cast stone.

      For the school’s garland and baluster panels, the original terra cotta designs were laser scanned in the field using a handheld, 3D scanning unit—a process of about four hours. Next, the team post-processed the 3D data, checked against 2D images to verify scale, color, and other details. Once completed, the 3D data was converted into a digital model file (above).

      The scan reproduced the existing panels with such accuracy that it even captured the imperfections of 100 years of weathering. The fabricator was requested to “patch” any losses to restore the panel to an “as new” condition, effectively reversing a century of damage.

      This digital model guided a CNC router to produce the die shown above. Next, the die will be cast into a rubber mold for use in preparing the cast-stone replacement units. This process will retain a remarkable degree of detail from the original terra cotta to its cast stone replacement to ensure that the character of the building’s facade is maintained.

      For non-landmarked buildings such as P.S. 173, cast stone offers an appropriate, efficient, and economical alternative. The material is a more cost-effective option and can typically be manufactured locally in a shorter time frame.

      Thanks to our collaborators on this project: Direct Dimensions, Digital Atelier, and Accurate Precast Corp. We’ll update this story as this fascinating reproduction process continues, so stay tuned!

      ‹ Back to all news