Engineers + Architects

32 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10013
(212) 505 1133

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Please contact us if you think our professional services can be of value to you.


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SuperScript is a quarterly newsletter from SUPERSTRUCTURES. Founded in 1981, we are a firm of architects, structural engineers, and conservators dedicated to the art and science of exterior restoration.


Conservation / Cleaning

There is a famous painting by Rembrandt depicting 28 members of the Amsterdam Home Guard. For centuries it had been known as “Night Watch.”  Then, in the 1940’s, the painting was cleaned. After the layers of varnish and grime had been removed, it was discovered that the Home Guard was, in fact, standing in broad daylight, and the painting might better have been called “Day Watch.”  Opinions about the cleaning, pro and con, created an international controversy.  The moral – cleaning has benefits and consequences.

SUPERSTRUCTURES welcomes façade cleaning projects. Sometimes, we’ll complete a multi-million dollar restoration, remove the sidewalk shed, and the building owner will ask, “so what’s different?” The building is safe and watertight, but those improvements are relatively invisible. If the façade is cleaned, it’s easier for the owners and occupants to recognize a before and after difference. But there’s a caveat. In some cases, prior repairs have resulted in a patchwork of mismatched masonry, and the façade visually benefits from a patina of grime.

As conservators, multiple considerations shape a cleaning project. How clean is clean? Do we restore the material’s original appearance, or match the appearance at some intermediate point in time? Each project presents a distinct combination of substrate material and soiling. After careful study, we select one or more cleaning methods from a variety including plain water, detergents, powders, adhesives, and poultices. Generally, we select the least aggressive treatment that will do the job, adhering to the Hippocratic oath, “First do no harm.”  Overly aggressive cleaning can permanently damage a façade.

Click for a complete material conservation laboratory testing list

View representative projects…